Stress is considered a normal component of life and it is experienced especially at work. It is through stress that one gets to beat deadlines, improve his performance and become more professional. It is in the workplace that a person most often encounters stressful experiences. While stress may be helpful to some degree, it is hazardous when it becomes excessive or uncontrolled. This is why we all need to learn tricks for reducing stress in the workplace.
As stress most often occurs in the workplace some responsibility for reducing it lies with the manager or employer who must make sure that employees are productive even under difficult circumstances. Many companies have come up with stress-reduction programs or non-work activities aimed at managing stress in the workplace. Programs like employee trainings and workshops are held where the participants forget about their workloads for a day or a couple of days and simply enjoy the opportunity to mingle with colleagues. If companies cannot afford to provide a daily stress reduction activity like gym courses, companies may settle for quarterly get together activities instead.
Conducting training to improve the skill level of employees is another way of reducing stress. Employees become challenged to move up and do new things other than the usual tasks they do in their jobs. This way, employees feel more motivated by the thought of new challenges to cope with. An individual usually loses the stamina or energy to do better when they are less challenged.
The employer can also adjust work schedules to lessen the burdens of employees and at the same time reduce workplace stress. Recommended reforms that an employer can implement are:
- reducing the frequency of forced overtime
- rotating shifts in a forward schedule
- allow employees to avail of flextime and alternative work schedules
Another program that can reduce stress is the rewards and incentives method that the management can offer deserving employees. This way, hard-working employees are praised and rewarded while other employees are challenged to do the same. The company must also provide an open and improved communication between the management and the employees. This way, both can openly share job-related responsibilities and also this also promotes efficiency by allowing employees to participate in decision-making.
Employees too can formulate their own some strategies that could possibly help them cope with stress. One strategy called “thought stopping” works by training and reminding employees to stop negative thoughts as they arise since these thoughts are believed to be the cause of stress. This strategy has also helped people to fight and cope with anxiety and depression.
Another suggested technique is the deep muscle relaxation strategy. Developed by Edmund Jacobsen, this technique employs muscle relaxation to move the brain from negative thoughts. This activity can be done in a group or individually just before the employee starts a task or just before she leaves the office. Studies show that this technique has helped people get over phobias or deal with stressful times.
Exercise is perhaps the best technique to reduce stress. Studies show that exercise is a good reliever of stress that allows a person to get rid of the tension and toxins in his system. It also releases endorphins and makes an individual lighten up. Walking is considered a good form exercise.